Dealing with Depression
Common Treatment for Depression
Known as an antidepressant, Paxil has been around to treat people suffering from major depressive disorders, panic disorders, anxiety disorders, social phobias or social anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) under the supervision of a doctor.
After relevant tests to determine the severity of a patient’s clinical depression, prescription to antidepressants like Paxil with the right dosage – comes in 10mg, 20mg and 40mg as well as Paxil CR (controlled release) – and other similar antidepressant drugs like Prozac, Zoloft, Lexapro and many more.
Antidepressants are classified into ten types and Paxil belongs to the SSRI type (Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) together with known brands such as Celexa, Cipramil, Priligy, Lexapro, Cipralex, Lexamil, Seroplex, Sarafem, Symbyax, Prozac, Luvox, Zoloft, Viibryd and Aropax.
SSRIs are also known to have fewer adverse side effects compared to other types of antidepressants like MAOIs (Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors) and Tricyclic antidepressants. Some of these side effects like nausea, dizziness, insomnia, sexual dysfunction, headache, weight gain, tremors or trembling, sweating, memory loss, constipation, agitation and dry mouth may be experienced differently depending on the person and may decrease as the person adjusts to the drug during the first four weeks upon taking it. Paxil’s progress and other antidepressants depend on the nature of the illness. For those with panic disorders, studies show that after ten to twelve weeks, positive effects are viable.
Prescribed medication can be abused, too. Antidepressants have a more severe effect when taken with alcohol as Paxil and alcohol can be dangerously lethal. For that matter, taking antidepressants and antipsychotics during pregnancy puts the mother and child at high risk as well. Lower dosages of Paxil and other similar drugs is administered as a precaution for probable birth defects and other side effects during pregnancy as discontinuance of antidepressants will be harder for pregnant women to handle.
Because of the severity of antidepressants, overdose is averted since these types of medications is highly regulated by doctors and can only be availed through a prescription. There are also contraindication and warnings found on its label – the black box (the most serious brand label issued) – required by the US Food and Drug Administration on the labels of antidepressants, telling consumers how dangerous it can be when taken without supervision.
Another brand name out in the market right now is Pexeva. How is it similar or different from Paxil? GlaxoSmithKline, Paxil’s manufacturer, is the same pharmaceutical company behind the brand Pexeva. Paroxetine Paxil has hydrochloride instead of Pexeva’s mesylate. These active ingredients are separated from the Paroxetine molecule that will subsequently travel into the bloodstream when ingested, leaving the inactive salt in the gastrointestinal tract. If the contest in choosing the best, Pexeva vs. Paxil, only doctors would be able to answer such queries.
Dapoxetine Priligy is a short-acting SSRI that is marketed as treatment for premature ejaculation and is the only drug that has a regulatory approval for it. It is manufactured by Eli Lilly and Company, the same pharmaceutical company that created Prozac.
Since most antidepressants have contraindications, stating that people eighteen years and below are not allowed to take it, treating patients over twelve years old are prescribed to take Escitalopram Lexapro (or Nexito, Anxiset-E in India, Cipralex, Lexamil, Lexam, Entact, Losita in Bangladesh, and Seroplex).
Citalopram Celexa and Cipramil, another type of SSRIs, are known to be of great help in treating diabetic neuropathy as well as premature ejaculation. It is also used as an effective treatment to post-stroke pathological crying due to disease or brain injury. Fluvoxamine Luvox, on the other hand, has been identified in having 8.4 times likelihood of being associated with violence compared to other antidepressants even if sexual side effects are less pronounced.
Fluoxetine Prozac, a popular antidepressant brand and the third most prescribed antidepressant in the US as of 2010 although there are many other newer brands in the market. Apart from the using as treatment usual for antidepressants, Prozac is also used to treat alcohol dependence, obesity, binge-eating disorder, cataplexy (sudden loss of muscle tone caused by emotions like depression) and bulimia nervosa.
Sertraline Zoloft has been a brand of choice for treating outpatients suffering from depression since its launch in 1991 by Pfizer. Studies show that it is effective in treating obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) among adults and children and discontinuance has been reported to be possible after a year of taking it, but still carries the usual discontinuing syndrome.
The newest SSRI in the market is Vilazodone Viibryd, just approved by the US FDA last January 21, 2011 after clinical test show positive results. Side effects are mild to moderate in intensity and it doesn’t cause significant sexual dysfunction and weight gain compared to other antidepressants like Paxil.
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